Fairfax County General District Court

Get expert insights on dealing with Fairfax County General District Court. From understanding court processes to legal representation, Kevin C. Martin, Attorney at Law, PLLC, guides you through every step.


Understanding Fairfax County General District Court

Suppose a creditor in Fairfax County sues you for a certain amount of money. If the plaintiff is seeking up to $5,000, your case can end up at Fairfax County General District Court.

Fairfax County General District Court, otherwise known as Fairfax GDC, is where most civil and criminal cases in Fairfax County are handled. Whether you are preparing for a hearing in a civil matter or handling a recent traffic offense, knowing more about this court and its procedures can be useful.

Appearing in court is often stressful because people can face a potential financial loss, or their freedom can be in jeopardy. Many people come to the court without any prior experience at the courthouse, so they don’t know where to go or what to expect.

Although we at Kevin C. Martin, Attorney at Law, PLLC, can’t guarantee you the outcome of any case, we can do everything in our power so you can receive cost-effective legal services.

The Role of Fairfax County General District Court in the Judicial System

The Fairfax County Court system is divided into the following divisions:

  • General District Court

  • Circuit Court

  • Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court (JDRDC)

The Circuit Court is a trial court that hears felonies and other civil and criminal cases. This court also has appellate jurisdiction over appeals from other courts.

The JDRDC hears cases involving crimes involving juveniles, against juveniles, and family matters except divorce.

All of these courts are located in the same courthouse but on different floors.

Types of Cases Handled by the Court

The General District Court in Fairfax has three divisions and is responsible for hearing the following cases:

  • Traffic violations

  • Certain civil cases

  • Misdemeanors

A different division is assigned to each type of case.

When it comes to civil cases, the court hears contract disputes, personal injury actions, and landlord and tenant disputes. Fairfax GDC also hears small claims cases involving civil claims in which the plaintiff is seeking up to $5,000 and generally decides civil cases in which the amount in question does not exceed $25,000.

The General District Court also hears criminal misdemeanors. However, it also holds preliminary hearings in felony cases.

All cases in this court are heard only by a judge. The General District Court doesn’t conduct jury trials.

Location & Contact Information

The General District Court is located at 4110 Chain Bridge Road, Fairfax, VA, 22030. You can get automated information by phone at 703-246-3764.

Civil, criminal, and traffic divisions are on different floors and areas of the courthouse.

Court is open 8 AM to 4 PM, Monday – Friday.

Navigating the Court Process

Finding Your Court Date and Time

If you have received the civil warrant, it typically includes the date and time when you are supposed to come to court for the trial of the dispute.

You can also call the General District Court Clerk’s Office to verify the date and time of your court appearance or enquire about your case.

Using the Online Case Search Tool

The Case Information page on the court’s website leads you to the Online Case Information System for general district courts in Virginia. In other words, it allows you to search for cases.

The court’s online search tool can be found here. You’ll first have to select Fairfax County General District Court from the drop-down menu and then search for your case by the plaintiff or defendant’s name, case number, or hearing date.

You can also search for information on service of process in a case, such as a subpoena or summons.

Contacting the Court Clerk

The General District Court Clerk’s Office is open from 8 AM to 4 PM, Monday through Friday. It’s in the same location as the GDC courthouse. If you need their help or more information about the case, you can send an email to [email protected] or call them.

The office’s phone hours are half an hour shorter than the office’s hours. Every division can be reached at a different phone number, which can be found here.

The Clerk’s Office can answer questions regarding a case but can’t provide legal advice. You’ll need to provide them with as much information as possible, including your full name and a case number. Moreover, they may be able to assist you with filling out certain documents.

Post-Trial: Complying with Court Decisions

Complying with the Court’s Ruling and Sentence

If a judgment has been entered against you, you have several options. You can pay the fine, appeal the case, or file a motion to rehear. But, if you don’t act, the judgment creditor may initiate other actions against you.

If you have won the judgment, in most cases, you will be awarded a certain amount of money. Try to agree on payment with the other party outside the court. If that’s unsuccessful, the court can help you collect if you initiate the action.

Managing Fines and Fees

If you need to pay a court-imposed fine, a payment can be made by mail, by phone with your credit or debit card, online, or in-person for all traffic or criminal cases.

In some cases, the Fines Options Program is available. It allows performing community service against the owed amount instead of paying a fine.

The Importance of Legal Representation in Fairfax County General District Court

The Critical Role of Legal Representation

Any court legal process can be overwhelming. That’s why having a knowledgeable attorney by your side can benefit your case. Although in Fairfax County General District Court, all parties represent themselves in small claim cases, the knowledgeable advice from skilled lawyers may improve your chance of a successful outcome.

Risks of Self-Representation

You have the right to represent yourself in the Fairfax County General District Court. However, you will be expected to know all the necessary procedures. So, seeking legal counsel, especially for complex cases, can be more beneficial to ensure your rights are protected.

Finding a Lawyer in Fairfax County

Choosing the right attorney for your case can be complicated. Ensure you find a lawyer who is:

  • Knowledgeable about your case
  • Trustworthy
  • Has time for you
  • Can answer all of your questions

Contact Kevin C. Martin, Attorney at Law, PLLC, for More Information

Protecting your assets can be crucial if you are facing a potential lawsuit from a creditor or other financial threats. With extensive knowledge and legal experience, we can help you navigate complex claims and ensure your assets are well-protected.

At Kevin C. Martin, Attorney at Law, PLLC, we pride ourselves on being approachable and friendly. Our lawyers will take the time to explain the process in terms you can understand so we can find a solution that fits your particular situation.

In addition, we may be able to help with guardianship issues, intestate succession as well as other estate planning matters.

Contact us today and schedule a free consultation so we can discuss your case further.